Indian Premier League history

Indian Premier League History

History of Indian Premier League (IPL)

The Indian Premier League (IPL), which is also called the TATA IPL because of sponsorship reasons, is a professional men’s Twenty20 cricket tournament. Currently, there is a total of ten teams that compete. These teams belong to three Indian states and seven Indian cities. The league was started in 2007 by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). It happens every year, usually between March and May, and has a special window in the ICC Future Tours Program.

Beautiful closing ceremony of IPL

IPL History
IPL Closing Ceremony

The IPL is the most watched cricket league in the world, and in 2014, it had the sixth highest average attendance of all sports leagues. In 2010, the IPL was the first sports event ever to be shown live on YouTube. Duff & Phelps says that the IPL’s brand is worth 47,500 crores (US$5.9 billion) in 2019. The BCCI thinks that the 2015 IPL season added 1,150 crores ($140 million) to India’s GDP. The 2020 IPL season broke a major viewing record with an average of 31.57 million impressions and a 23 percent increase in total consumption over the 2019 season.

There have been 15 seasons of the IPL. The current IPL champions are the Gujarat Titans, who won the 2022 season.

Indian Premier League history
IPL 2022 Winner

Style of a tournament

With 10 teams, the round-robin system was thrown out and two virtual groups of five were added. This was like the league phase of the 2011 season. After the league stage, the top four teams will move on to the playoffs. In the first Qualifying match, the top two teams from the league phase play each other. The winner goes straight to the IPL final, while the loser gets a second chance in the second Qualifying match. The team that finished third in the league phase plays the team that finished fourth in an elimination game. The winner moves on to play the team that lost the first qualifying game. The winner of the second qualifying game moves on to the IPL Final, where they will face the winner of the first qualifying game. The winner of the IPL Final will be named the league’s champion.

Background

Controversy about The Indian Cricket League (ICL)

The Indian Cricket League (ICL) was started in 2007 with money provided by Zee Entertainment Enterprises. The International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) did not recognize the ICL, and the BCCI was not happy that several of its committee members had joined the ICL executive board. The BCCI increased the prize money in its domestic competitions to discourage players from joining the ICL, which it saw as a breakaway league, and banned anyone who did so for life.

The making of the Indian Premier League (IPL)

After India won the 2007 T20 World Cup, the BCCI started the franchise based Twenty20 cricket league Indian Premier League on September 13. The first season was supposed to start at a “high-profile event” in April 2008 in New Delhi. BCCI vice-president Lalit Modi came up with the idea for the IPL. He set out the rules for the competition, including how it would work, how much money would be awarded, how franchises would make money, and how teams would be made up. The IPL would be run by a seven-member board made up of former India players and BCCI executives. The top two teams in the IPL would qualify for that year’s Champions League Twenty20. Modi also said that the IPL was not made as a “snap reaction” to the ICL and that they had been working on the idea for two years. The league was set up like the NBA in the U.S. and the Premier League of England.

IPL Champions in 2008

IPL History
1st IPL Winner

The league’s owners were chosen at an auction on January 24, 2008. About $400 million was the base value of franchises. At the end of the auction, the winning bidders and where the teams will be based were announced: Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Mohali, and Mumbai. In the end, all the franchises sold for a total of $723,59 million.

Extensions & Discontinuances

Before the fourth season of 2011, the league welcomed Pune Warriors India and Kochi Tuskers Kerala on March 21, 2010. While Rendezvous Sports World paid $333.3 million for the Kochi franchise, Sahara Adventure Sports Group paid $370 million for the Pune location. But on November 11, 2011, one year after it was first announced, it was revealed that

  • Kochi Tuskers Kerala will be disbanded because the team had violated the BCCI’s rules.
  • The Deccan Chargers, the 2009 winners, were then dissolved on September 14, 2012, by the BCCI after the franchise was unable to find new owners.
  • On October 25, the next month, an auction was conducted to determine who would acquire the replacement franchise. Sun TV Network won the bid for the Hyderabad license. Sunrisers Hyderabad would be the name of the team.
  • On May 21, 2013, Pune Warriors India withdrew from the IPL due to financial issues with the BCCI. Due to the franchise’s failure to offer the required bank guarantee, the BCCI formally canceled the license on October 26, 2013.

Spot-fixing and Betting Scandal

On June 14, 2015, it was announced that the two-time champion Chennai Super Kings and the inaugural season champion Rajasthan Royals will each be banned for two seasons, following their involvement in a spot-fixing and betting scandal. Then, on December 8, 2015, it was announced that Pune and Rajkot will replace Chennai and Rajasthan for two seasons after an auction. Gujarat Lions and Rising Pune Supergiant were the two teams.

IPL Spot-fixing and Betting Scandal in 2013

IPL History
IPL Scandal

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 season’s venue was changed, and games were played in the United Arab Emirates. The BCCI announced in August 2021 that two new teams will begin competing in the league in the 2022 season. Additionally, it was revealed that two of the BCCI’s six chosen cities—Ahmedabad, Lucknow, Cuttack, Guwahati, Ranchi, and Dharamshala—would be home to the franchises. The two teams’ winning bids in a confidential bidding process conducted on October 25 went to RPSG Group and CVC Capital. While CVC got Ahmedabad for 5,200 crores (US$650 million), RPSG spent 7,000 crores (US$880 million) for Lucknow. The teams were eventually given the names Gujarat Titans and Lucknow Super Giants.

Also, read about the Owners of the IPL Teams

Seasons and Outcomes of Indian Premier League

Mumbai Indians is the most successful team in the history of the league in terms of championships won with five. There have been eight championships won, including four by the Chennai Super Kings, two by the Kolkata Knight Riders, and one each by the Rajasthan Royals, Deccan Chargers, and Sunrisers Hyderabad, and Gujarat Titans. The Gujarat Titans are the current champions after defeating the Rajasthan Royals by 7 wickets in the 2022 season’s championship match.

IPL Teams Performance Table

Teams Name

No. of Seasons Played Titles Won Seasons

Won

Seasons Runner-Up
Mumbai Indians

 

15

 

5

 

2013, 2015, 2017, 2019, 2020 2010

 

Chennai Super Kings  

13

 

 

4

 

2010, 2011, 2018, 2021 2008, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2019
Kolkata Knight Riders 15 2 2012, 2014 2021
Rajasthan Royals 13 1 2008 2022
Sunrisers Hyderabad 10 1 2016 2018
Deccan Chargers† 5 1 2009
Gujarat Titans 1 1 2022
Royal Challengers Bangalore 15 2009, 2011, 2016
Punjab Kings 15 2014
Delhi Capitals 15 2020
Rising Pune Supergiant† 2 2017

Defunct IPL Teams

The IPL has a huge fan base both domestically and overseas. Due to the high viewership, several businesses have shown interest in purchasing a franchise in the lucrative league. Some teams managed to survive for a while, while others couldn’t, and their teams are no longer a part of the IPL. Today, we’ll examine teams who participated in the IPL in the past but were forced to stop for several reasons.

Defunct Teams Table

Teams Debut Dissolved
Deccan Chargers 2008 2012
Kochi Tuskers Kerala 2011 2011
Pune Warriors India 2011 2013
Gujarat Lions 2016 2018
Rising Pune Supergiant 2016 2018

IPL Awards That Stand Out

Orange Cap

The Orange Cap goes to the player who scores the most runs in an IPL season. The leader wears the hat until the championship game when the winner gets to keep it for the rest of the season.

Purple Cap

The Purple Cap goes to the IPL player who takes the most wickets in a season. The leader wears the hat until the championship game when the winner gets to keep it for the rest of the season.

List of Purple Cap Winners

Year Player Team Matches Wickets
2022 Yuzvendra Chahal Rajasthan Royals 17 27
2021 Harshal Patel Royal Challengers Bangalore 15 32
2020 Kagiso Rabada Delhi Capitals 17 30
2019 Imran Tahir Chennai Super Kings 17 26
2018 Andrew Tye Kings XI Punjab 14 24
2017 Bhuvneshwar Kumar Sunrisers Hyderabad 14 26
2016 Bhuvneshwar Kumar Sunrisers Hyderabad 17 23
2015 Dwayne Bravo Chennai Super Kings 17 26
2014 Mohit Sharma Chennai Super Kings 16 23
2013 Dwayne Bravo Chennai Super Kings 18 32
2012 Morne Morkel Delhi Daredevils 16 25
2011 Lasith Malinga Mumbai Indians 16 28
2010 Pragyan Ojha Deccan Chargers 16 21
2009 RP Singh Deccan Chargers 16 23
2008 Sohail Tanvir Rajasthan Royals 11 22

Most Valuable Player

The award was called “man of the tournament” before the 2012 season. In 2013, the IPL created a Most Valuable Player rating system. At the end of the season, the winner was called “Most Valuable Player.”

IPL Fair Play Award

At the end of each season, the Fair Play Award goes to the team with the best record of being fair. The winner is based on how many points each team gets from the umpires. After each game, the two umpires on the field and the third umpire give each team a score based on how well they played.

Emerging Player Award

In 2008, this award was presented as the “best under-19 player”. The award was presented as the “best under-23 player” in 2009 and 2010. In 2011 and 2012, the award was named “Rising Star of the Year.” In 2013, he was named “Best Young Player of the Season.” Since 2014, the award has been called “Emerging Player of the Year.” Mustafizur Rahman of Bangladesh was the only foreign player to win Emerging Player of the Year in 2016 so far.

Most Sixes Award

The batsman who hits the most sixes during an IPL season wins the Maximum Sixes Award, which is now called the “Unacademy Let’s Crack It Sixes Award” because of sponsorship.

There are many more things that are not covered in this topic yet but will be covered in other posts about IPL. If you have any queries feel free to ask.

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